Organisation and time management
Being organised is about managing your time and workload in an efficient, systematic way. This is especially important if you are away from home for the first time. If you can find systems which work for you, you will be more productive and less stressed. You’ll also have more time to do the things you enjoy. 6 Habits of Highly Organized People (video) has useful pointers including keeping your systems simple, developing routines, keeping to-do lists, having a place for everything, regularly decluttering and not being a perfectionist.
Set up your workspace to minimise distractions and have basic equipment to hand, e.g. highlighters, Post-It notes, files, staplers, plastic pockets, index cards etc. If your mobile is likely to distract you, put it on silent on the other side of the room. You might want a termly planner or whiteboard over your desk to remind you of tasks and deadlines. Or you might prefer a diary, notebook, list or stack of Post-It notes.
It's important to have a logical system for storing your notes. If you take notes on pieces of paper, give them a date and title, then transfer them to a folder at the end of the day or week. See How I organise my binder for one student's efficient system. If your notes are electronic, set up a system of folders and sub-folders which makes sense to you. Some students use OneNote (free for users of Office 365) or Evernote (free for the basic version) to take notes and organise them into notebooks. If you install the Evernote Chrome extension, you can save bookmarks and screenshots directly to your notebooks. Another useful tool for saving bookmarks is Zotero, which can also create references.
Analyse your time
In order to manage your time, it helps to know how you spend it. How you spend your time will talk you through how to do this. There are also time-tracking apps for this, such as aTimeLogger or Toggl. Once you know how many study hours you have available in a week, you can schedule that time. Buy or print off a wall planner and write in your deadlines. You can then work backwards from these to add mini-deadlines which will keep you on track. Your time - Deadlines will talk you through how to do this. You could also use the ASK Assignment Calculator for this.
Planners for printing
Here are some planners you can use, modify and print:
- Weekly planner showing hours
- Weekly planner showing morning, afternoon, evening
- 12-week planner
- 14-week planner
Procrastination means putting off a task until the last minute, when panic strikes. Watch Tim Urban's TED talk on procrastination. Often it results in stress and getting a poorer mark than you are capable of. You might procrastinate because:
- you don't know how or where to begin
- you feel overwhelmed by the time and effort needed
- you are worried you won't do it well enough
- you don't have the necessary skills or information.
But, if you can beat procrastination, you'll be less stressed, more confident, get better marks and be better able to enjoy your free time. Some practical steps you can take include:
- breaking the task down into manageable chunks
- setting deadlines and mini-deadlines
- setting yourself little rewards
- working with a study buddy or group
- working in short bursts with little breaks to maximise concentration.
The Pomodoro method involves working in short bursts (typically 25 minutes) then having a five-minute break. If you can estimate how long a task will take, you can divide it into these half-hour pomodoros. After two or three hours, you take a longer break. There are many Pomodoro apps to help keep you on track.
To-do lists, reminders and alarms
Again, everyone is different. You might prefer to carry around something physical like a diary, notebook or Post-It Notes stuck on your desk. Or, you might use the calendar, alarms, reminders and notes on your phone or tablet. Any.do is a simple to-do list with reminders which works across a wide range of devices. DropTask is a more visual tool. The Chrome extension Dayboard reminds you of your top 5 tasks every time you open a new tab and can also block distracting sites. There are thousands more to choose from...
Finally, a word about routines. Relying on willpower to make you do tasks you'd rather avoid is not very effective. But if you can create positive routines or habits around study, you'll do them on autopilot. See Charles Duhigg's TED talk on The Power of Habit. Apps such as Habit Bull can help you set, track and develop desirable routines.