Academic style

1 - Work on your writing

  • Leave time to revise and redraft.

2 - The basics

  • Paragraphs should have one clear topic and stick with it.
  • Consider the visual effect of your writing – are the paragraphs clear?
  • Avoid overlong sentences.

3 - Integrate your research – make sure it

  • Supports your point.
  • Flows in your writing.
  • Uses paraphrase as well as quotation.
  • Is referenced correctly.

4 - Expand your vocabulary

  • Make a note of new or specialist vocabulary when you are reading.
  • Consider the audience for your writing and adjust the vocabulary.

5 - For more advice on writing styles and language see

6 - If English is not your first language

7 - If you are, or think you might be, dyslexic visit

The Compass in person or Online.

Language - Academic style

  • Academic Style

    Useful introduction to the features of academic style (formal vocabulary; being objective) with practice activities.

  • Academic Writing

    This book takes you through the whole process of academic writing from selecting suitable sources, reading, note-making and planning through to re-writing and proofreading.

  • Being concise and focused

    This resource will help you write clearly by eliminating unecessary words and rearranging your phrases.

  • Being objective-Using 'cautious' language

    This site presents ways of using 'cautious' language to help you make your writing more objective.

  • Introduction to Academic Style

    This well-structured and comprehensive site takes you through the features of academic writing including being formal, analytical, clear and logical. A thorough introduction to academic style with exercises.

  • Useful phrases

    Useful formal academic expressions organised in lists.